I mentioned ‘The Warlow Experiment’ by Alix Nathan in my Booker Prize longlist predictions post in July as a possible contender for the 2019 prize. Even though my prediction about the dominance of historical fiction on this year’s longlist ended up being way off the mark, I was intrigued by the premise of this particular novel which is based on a real experiment proposed in the late 18th century. Nathan came across a brief article in the 1797 edition of the Annual Register which suggests that someone had taken up the offer posted by a Mr Herbert Powyss a few years earlier to spend seven years living in total isolation in the cellar of his manor house in the Welsh Marches. Only one person applied: a labourer who was apparently attracted by the reward offered by Powyss of 50 pounds per year for life in order to provide for his large family. However, further information about the outcome of the experiment is unknown and Nathan’s imagining of the scenario is therefore entirely fictionalised.
In comfortable purpose-built rooms, the subject is said to have access to three meals per day served via dumbwaiter, a bathtub, chamber organ and “as many books as the occupant should desire” with other conveniences provided. However, the requirement for the subject “to let his toe and fingernails grow during the whole of his confinement, together with his beard” and to not see another human face or any natural light for seven whole years might be considered slightly less appealing even for most introverts. In Nathan’s interpretation of events, the semi-literate labourer who takes up the offer is named John Warlow. Powyss gravely underestimates the consequences of his experiment and Nathan presents a convincing portrayal of what happens to someone living in such extreme conditions and the deep psychological ramifications that the experience can cause with tragic results.
Nathan originally wrote two short stories about the scenario, one from Powyss’s view from above and one from Warlow’s view from below. I haven’t read these versions which can be found in her collection of stories ‘His Last Fire’, but I would be interested to see how they compare to the novel. Other reviewers have suggested that the extra subplots included in the novel about the influence of Enlightenment ideas, political unrest and how Powyss’s servants and Warlow’s family are affected by the experiment are unnecessary, compared to the more focused content of the original stories. However, even though the concept behind the plot has some limitations in terms of narrative drive, Nathan builds the tension of the situation towards a terrifying conclusion and also employs her diligent research very well.
Overall, ‘The Warlow Experiment’ is a well-executed piece of historical fiction with an intriguing subject matter.
6 responses to “The Warlow Experiment by Alix Nathan”
This is still on my pile to read! Interesting about the original short story pair.
LikeLiked by 1 person
This could have been an interesting entry on the Wellcome Prize longlist … if only it were running next year! (I thought about running a ‘Not the Wellcome Prize’ type of blog tour in the spring as a replacement, but would have to figure out whether I’m allowed to even use the name in that context. At the very least, I’ll use this year off to read some previous winners and shortlisted titles I’ve never gotten to.)
Yes, I would like to get round to some more backlist titles so this year would be a good opportunity to do that!
Oh yeah this was on the radio, I was very impressed by the historical detail and it felt very of its time, following characters behaving as they might have behaved in the past instead of fitting into some exciting storyline to fit modern sensibilities.
Yes, I thought it was very well done overall.
Pingback: Announcing the NOT the Wellcome Prize and Blog Tour | Bookish Beck